Bariatric Surgery in Treating Obesity

BARIATRIC SURGERY IN TREATING OBESITY 6

BariatricSurgery in Treating Obesity

BariatricSurgery in Treating Obesity

Healthrisk associated with obesity for Mr. C

Beingobese is not a cosmetic problem. These conditions can raise manyrisks for other health complications. Mr. C has the following healthrisks in association with obesity first, he has high blood pressurewhich is the force of pushing the blood against the arteries’ wallas the blood is pumped by the heart (Berdanier, Dwyer &amp Feldman,2008). If this pressure rises and remains high for a time, the bodycan be damaged in a variety of ways. Second, since Mr. C ifoverweight, there are high chances of him having abnormal levels offat in the blood. This includes high levels of LDL cholesterol andtriglycerides and low levels of HDL cholesterol. He may also sufferfrom Gallstones, which causes back or stomach pain. Mr. C may as wellsuffer from Type 2 Diabetes, stroke and coronary heart disease(Berdanier, Dwyer &amp Feldman, 2008).

BariatricSurgery for Obesity

Bariatricsurgery also referred to as weight loss surgery involves someprocedures undertaken by people with obesity. The achievement ofweight loss is through reducing the stomach size with a gastric band,by removing the stomach’s portion or through re- routing andresecting the small intestine to an undersized stomach pouch(Samelson, 2011). Bariatric surgery is, therefore, an appropriateintervention for the obesity condition of Mr. C. This is because ofthe following reasons first, the process cause notable long- termweight, improvement in risk factors for cardiovascular, recovery fromdiabetes and lessening of the mortality rate among the patient(Samelson, 2011). There are as well some studies that suggest thatthe bariatric surgery can improve the psychological health of thepatient.

Thereare however some factors that should be put into consideration whendeciding on whether to perform the bariatric surgery. These factorsinclude adverse effects like the frequent complications from loss ofweight after surgery. There can as well be a manifestation ofmetabolic bone disease as a result of reduced absorption of calcium.Gallstones can as well result due to rapid weight loss following thebariatric surgery as well as the increment of the bile lithogenicity(Samelson, 2011).

FunctionalHealth Patterns

Thefunctional health patterns give a significant framework for examiningthe many factors that can manipulate response to drug and that canimpact on conformity and successful results of drug therapy. Throughthe following 5 patterns, one can observe how each of them may affectthe drug therapy for Mr. C and how the drug therapy can affect eachpattern.

1.HealthPerception- Health Maintenance Pattern-this is the perception of the client on health pattern and well-being and the management of his/ her health. Assessing this patternis important since it will provide a comprehensive data foundationfor drug and other therapeutics planning. The pattern providesinsights into his belief, the present health practices that may havean impact on drug therapy and resources or their absence tofacilitate health. For Mr. C, this can be seen through the homeremedies such as the use of sleep apnea and sodium restriction tocontrol high blood, since they have offered him a clue oncomprehending health, disease, and treatment (Fitzpatrick &ampKazer, 2012).

2.Nutrition-metabolic pattern- this involves a pattern of consumption of fluidand food about the metabolic need and pattern indicators of thesupply of nutrient locally. For Mr. C, the usual dietary pattern andhis timing of meals is significant as it can provide information onwhen drug therapy should be planned, for instance at moments awayfrom meals or during meals.

3.Activity-Exercise Pattern-the knowledge of recreation and leisure preference is important inmotivating Mr. C in addition to creating diversion activities for themanagement of chronic pain may desire. Mr. C should, therefore, beeducated on leisure activities such as outdoor camping or travel, andthese activities help the health care provider to know the possibledangers of calming side effects of drugs (Fitzpatrick &amp Kazer,2012).

4.Sleep-Rest Pattern-sleep adequacy is judged best by the perception of the client of thesatisfactoriness of feeling rested apart during the sleep hours. IfMr. C is observed to have disturbances on the sleep pattern, thereshould be a thorough examination of environmental factors and thebedtime of the patient before the required drug therapy isrecommended.

5.Self-PerceptionSelf-ConceptPattern- this is the perception of a person about being ill and candepend on their drug therapy meaning perception. Mr. C has a gooddescription of self since he understands his illness and resultinghypertension and he takes some measures to control this healthproblem (Fitzpatrick &amp Kazer, 2012).

Problemsidentified from the case of Mr. C

Thefollowing are the problems that might be identified from the case ofMr. C first, he may feel stigmatized, get more depressed and consumemore food and decline future appointments, since he has struggledwith the problem since childhood. Second, he may increase hisselection of the unhealthy snacks since he may not have adequateinformation on the healthy eating behaviors (Berdanier, Dwyer &ampFeldman, 2008). Third, Mr. C may continue eating more calories asmost men do, due to lack of awareness of calories and eliminatingvalue pricing that is necessary for decreasing the consumption ofenergy. Fourth, he may consume calories inside beverages and dishesand the underestimated overall meal calories when choosing therestaurants with healthy meals or the main dishes. Lastly, Mr. C maybe affected by other diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes, stroke, andcoronary heart disease if the diet and drug therapy are not takeninto serious consideration (Berdanier, Dwyer &amp Feldman, 2008)..

References

Berdanier,C., Dwyer, J., &amp Feldman, E. (2008). Handbookof nutrition and food.Boca Raton: Taylor &amp Francis.

Fitzpatrick,J., &amp Kazer, M. (2012). Encyclopediaof nursing research.New York, NY: Springer Pub.

Samelson,D. (2011). Theweight loss surgery workbook.Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.

BARIATRIC SURGERY IN TREATING OBESITY 6

BariatricSurgery in Treating Obesity

BariatricSurgery in Treating Obesity

Healthrisk associated with obesity for Mr. C

Beingobese is not a cosmetic problem. These conditions can raise manyrisks for other health complications. Mr. C has the following healthrisks in association with obesity first, he has high blood pressurewhich is the force of pushing the blood against the arteries’ wallas the blood is pumped by the heart (Berdanier, Dwyer &amp Feldman,2008). If this pressure rises and remains high for a time, the bodycan be damaged in a variety of ways. Second, since Mr. C ifoverweight, there are high chances of him having abnormal levels offat in the blood. This includes high levels of LDL cholesterol andtriglycerides and low levels of HDL cholesterol. He may also sufferfrom Gallstones, which causes back or stomach pain. Mr. C may as wellsuffer from Type 2 Diabetes, stroke and coronary heart disease(Berdanier, Dwyer &amp Feldman, 2008).

BariatricSurgery for Obesity

Bariatricsurgery also referred to as weight loss surgery involves someprocedures undertaken by people with obesity. The achievement ofweight loss is through reducing the stomach size with a gastric band,by removing the stomach’s portion or through re- routing andresecting the small intestine to an undersized stomach pouch(Samelson, 2011). Bariatric surgery is, therefore, an appropriateintervention for the obesity condition of Mr. C. This is because ofthe following reasons first, the process cause notable long- termweight, improvement in risk factors for cardiovascular, recovery fromdiabetes and lessening of the mortality rate among the patient(Samelson, 2011). There are as well some studies that suggest thatthe bariatric surgery can improve the psychological health of thepatient.

Thereare however some factors that should be put into consideration whendeciding on whether to perform the bariatric surgery. These factorsinclude adverse effects like the frequent complications from loss ofweight after surgery. There can as well be a manifestation ofmetabolic bone disease as a result of reduced absorption of calcium.Gallstones can as well result due to rapid weight loss following thebariatric surgery as well as the increment of the bile lithogenicity(Samelson, 2011).

FunctionalHealth Patterns

Thefunctional health patterns give a significant framework for examiningthe many factors that can manipulate response to drug and that canimpact on conformity and successful results of drug therapy. Throughthe following 5 patterns, one can observe how each of them may affectthe drug therapy for Mr. C and how the drug therapy can affect eachpattern.

1.HealthPerception- Health Maintenance Pattern-this is the perception of the client on health pattern and well-being and the management of his/ her health. Assessing this patternis important since it will provide a comprehensive data foundationfor drug and other therapeutics planning. The pattern providesinsights into his belief, the present health practices that may havean impact on drug therapy and resources or their absence tofacilitate health. For Mr. C, this can be seen through the homeremedies such as the use of sleep apnea and sodium restriction tocontrol high blood, since they have offered him a clue oncomprehending health, disease, and treatment (Fitzpatrick &ampKazer, 2012).

2.Nutrition-metabolic pattern- this involves a pattern of consumption of fluidand food about the metabolic need and pattern indicators of thesupply of nutrient locally. For Mr. C, the usual dietary pattern andhis timing of meals is significant as it can provide information onwhen drug therapy should be planned, for instance at moments awayfrom meals or during meals.

3.Activity-Exercise Pattern-the knowledge of recreation and leisure preference is important inmotivating Mr. C in addition to creating diversion activities for themanagement of chronic pain may desire. Mr. C should, therefore, beeducated on leisure activities such as outdoor camping or travel, andthese activities help the health care provider to know the possibledangers of calming side effects of drugs (Fitzpatrick &amp Kazer,2012).

4.Sleep-Rest Pattern-sleep adequacy is judged best by the perception of the client of thesatisfactoriness of feeling rested apart during the sleep hours. IfMr. C is observed to have disturbances on the sleep pattern, thereshould be a thorough examination of environmental factors and thebedtime of the patient before the required drug therapy isrecommended.

5.Self-PerceptionSelf-ConceptPattern- this is the perception of a person about being ill and candepend on their drug therapy meaning perception. Mr. C has a gooddescription of self since he understands his illness and resultinghypertension and he takes some measures to control this healthproblem (Fitzpatrick &amp Kazer, 2012).

Problemsidentified from the case of Mr. C

Thefollowing are the problems that might be identified from the case ofMr. C first, he may feel stigmatized, get more depressed and consumemore food and decline future appointments, since he has struggledwith the problem since childhood. Second, he may increase hisselection of the unhealthy snacks since he may not have adequateinformation on the healthy eating behaviors (Berdanier, Dwyer &ampFeldman, 2008). Third, Mr. C may continue eating more calories asmost men do, due to lack of awareness of calories and eliminatingvalue pricing that is necessary for decreasing the consumption ofenergy. Fourth, he may consume calories inside beverages and dishesand the underestimated overall meal calories when choosing therestaurants with healthy meals or the main dishes. Lastly, Mr. C maybe affected by other diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes, stroke, andcoronary heart disease if the diet and drug therapy are not takeninto serious consideration (Berdanier, Dwyer &amp Feldman, 2008)..

References

Berdanier,C., Dwyer, J., &amp Feldman, E. (2008). Handbookof nutrition and food.Boca Raton: Taylor &amp Francis.

Fitzpatrick,J., &amp Kazer, M. (2012). Encyclopediaof nursing research.New York, NY: Springer Pub.

Samelson,D. (2011). Theweight loss surgery workbook.Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.