ILLNESS AND DISEASES 5
There are various resources in the community available to assistchildren with special health care needs. In such a case, communityresources refer to anything whether places or people that have thepotential to improve the community quality of life. Normally, theseresources differ from one community to another since they providesupport for people with short term recovery to providing help tothose with lifetime disabilities. Among such resources are earlyintervention services, special education services as well as therapyand rehabilitation. This paper will discuss three communityresources, integrate the resources in a care plan as well as outlinethe advantages and disadvantages of the resources.
Early intervention services offer various support and therapeuticservices to eligible toddlers and infants with disabilities as wellas their families. According toEffgen (2013), the services are available to childrenof three years and below and are available under the Individual withdisability Education Act. Moreover, an individualized family caresservice plan guides the early intervention services provision that istailored to the children with disability needs as well as theirfamilies. On the other hand, special education services are resourcesintended to meet the developmental and educational needs of childrenwith disabilities. The services also factor in those childrenexperiencing developmental delays especially the preschool childrenat the age of three and five(Effgen, 2013). An individualized educational planoutline that services that a child receives to deal with theirindividual needs. Rehabilitation and therapy are another communityresource that aims to improve the quality of life for people livingwith a physical condition or illness. Normally, the desired resultsare to improve the independence of people with disabilities in asmany facets of for as possible such as work among others.
There are several benefits associated with early interventionservices to the children living with disabilities. Among them are therapid improvement and development of a child with special needs,empowerment to the children with special needs families as well asthe laying of the foundation that perks up the life of these kids.The services offered include speech therapy, developmental therapylanguage therapy as well as family support. Most of these servicessuch as screening, assessment, family support are freely offered, butothers like therapy sessions are rendered for a fee. The eligibilityfor children to receive the early intervention services is determinedby evaluating the child to establish the presence of disability, andthat child must be less than three years. To apply for earlyintervention services, a guardian to the child with a disabilityshould contact the municipal early intervention official that thechief elected official of the county designates to oversee theprogram locally. These officials appoint staffs who are assigned therole of assisting the parents with transport means to and from thefacilities.
There are also some benefits associated with special education,therapy and rehabilitation such as kids with disabilities receivespecialized services and regain their personal independence as wellas preserve their self-respect respectively. Services offered includeinterpretive services, physiological services, occupational andphysical therapy. There is a fee that is rendered for therapy andspecial education. The eligibility for special education is that thechild must be disabled and above three years and below 21 years, butrehabilitation is basically for those people that are post-schoolage.
All these community resources can be integrated into a plan of care.A care plan refers to sharing of information about one child withothers. Various contents are included in a care plan and depend onindividual child need. They include contact information for thechild, medical conditions, allergies, special diet, and medicalprocedure among others. These content are used in most community’sresources such as early intervention services, special educationservices as well as therapy and rehabilitation. Using the namedcommunity resources to develop as a care plan, I would inquire asmuch information as possible from the guardian or parent so as tospecify daily care as well as care for any situation that the childwith a disability may require. I would also ensure all the policiesand procedures for different services rendered are followed so thatchildren with disabilities are assisted in the context of theirindividual lifestyles(Effgen, 2013).
There are various advantages for children with disabilities seekingthe community resources. They include the improvement of participantsdevelopmental competence, tightens friendship ties and prevention orminimizing developmental delays. Through these resources, the children with disabilities develop aclear understanding of themselves and others thus the visions oftheir families of a typical life come true. For instance, duringrehabilitation, the child develop coping tactic to deal with thelimitation of life activities. The special education services arealso crucial to children living with disabilities as they aim atimproving the abilities and skills through remedial instructions(Effgen, 2013). This special education resource isvaluable because there are specialized educators to help promotelearning. There are disadvantages of using special education forchildren with disabilities because it limits interaction with othersso delays them in learning important life skills, especiallysocialization. Moreover, the children do not get a chance to be in anatural environment since most of the time they are given specialattention in self-contained facilities.
Effgen, S. K.(2013). Meetingthe Physical Therapy Needs of Children.Philadelphia: F.A.