CODE OF ETHICS 5
JournalismCode of Ethics
Casestudy 1: Codes of ethics: critical comparison
Thereare various similarities in the aspects entailed in SPJ and UAE codeof ethics. First of all is the issue of truth. According to SPJ,Ethical journalism has to be accurate and fair. Journalists ought tobe honest and bold in gathering, reporting and interpretinginformation. The same aspect is entailed in the UAE code of ethicswhereby the journalist has to respect the truth and observe the rightof the public to have access to information that is true andaccurate.
Thesecond aspect is integrity. UAE code of ethics outlines that whenmaking publications, journalists should not be influenced by personalinterests or businesses with a third party. They must turn down anyattempts of this kind. This is similar to SPJ which requiresjournalists to deny preferential treatment to their clients andresist pressure from internal and external that may influencecoverage.
BothSPJ and UAE code of ethics highlight issues to do with plagiarism. InUAE, it is a professional violation to engage in7 acts such asplagiarism, libel, slandering, ill-intention interpretation, censure,allegation and accepting bribe to publish or hide information. Thisis echoed by SPJ where plagiarism is condemned and gives a constantattribution to information.
Thefourth aspect similar to both is being vigilant. Under UAE code ofethics, journalists are obliged to be very vigilant to traps ofperception and avoid engaging by any means in any stories hinting todiscrimination of race, language, sex, faith or national and socialbackgrounds. Under vigilance, SPJ urges journalists to be vigilantand brave about holding those with power answerable. They have togive voice to the voiceless.
Lastly,the SPJ and UAE Code of Ethics agree to the fact that Journalistsshould be independent. They should avoid gifts, favors, free travelas well as special treatment. They should also avoid political andother outside doings that may compromise impartiality, or may damagecredibility.
1.Should Stone have told his editor that he was having problems gettingthe right photographs before he set up the shots? Explain youranswer.
Yes.If he could have told him, the editor could give more time for thephotos to be taken. Going ahead to set up the shots has made himbreach the Code of ethics of the profession which requires ajournalist to respect the truth.
2. After letting the editors see the photographs, should Stone havetold them how he took the photographs? Justify your answer.
Yes.That could be viable in that it could help the editors not to damagetheir credibility. When told about how the photos were taken, itcould be up to the editors to choose what to do. They couldincorporate their understanding of the code of ethics and perhapsthey could not use them.
3. Is it justified that the photographer “created” the photographsas an act of desperation to capture the right emotions and pain. Isit ok because the intentions of the photographer were right?
Howeverright the intention was, the fact remains, and that is not the truth.Therefore, it is not justifiable that Steve created the photos as anact of desperation to capture the right emotions and pain. He wasrelying on his emotions, something that ought to be very distinct.
4.Does the fact that the photos closely mirrored reality make adifference in whether the deception was ethically justified?
Thisleaves us questioning, how close were the photos to the reality?Closeness is subjective, and since it cannot be justified, thedeception cannot be ethically justified.
5. In the UAE, there are specific ethical codes of conduct to preventthis sort of thing. Briefly, explain any three of such codes whichare specifically written to deal with similar situations.
Underthe UAE journalism code of conduct, journalists should not seek toprovoke or inflame public feelings by any means. In this case, thephotographer applies all he can to ensure that the perceived emotionsclearly come out. Secondly, it is also provided that journalistsshould respect the privacy of individuals and not expose it bypublishing anything without their consent. In the case study, Stevegets it hard to take photos because the subjects did not want it tohappen. Lastly, the UAE code of ethics provides that editedpublications ought not to be swayed by personal interests orbusinesses with a third party.
Assignment:Case Study (Sakshi advertising)
Examinethe Sakshi Advertising vs.Jumbo Electronics and SonyME case andanswer the following questions:
1. ReadSection 1 and 5 of the UAE Copyright Law. According to legaldefinitions, who is Sakshi Advertising?
SakshiAdvertising is the author. The CEO of the company was the one whocreated the campaign. Thus, the company has all the rights of theAuthor.
2. Whatkind of work is this case about (Section 1)?
Computerapplications and programs, databases and works similar to them asdefined by a minister`s decision
3. Whatright(s) has/have been compromised in this case? (Section 2&3)
• Theright to determine first publication of the work
• Theright to withdraw his work from flow in case of severe reasonsjustifying such an act.
4. SakshiAdvertising proposed their Cowboy-themed creative’s to the clientin 2010. When could Jumbo Electronics and Sony ME use it withoutbeing charged with infringement of Copyrights and IntellectualProperty Rights? (Section 5)
Onlyafter they get the rights to the publisher in it and its reproductionin the limits of the economic exploitation purpose