Why should clinicians and others take seriously even in a low-lethality type of suicide attempt? Or are such attempts really just a gestures.
Suicide is the most complex phenomenon that that happens out of thedynamic interactions, which involves biological, psychological,spirituals, cultural, and social factors. Suicide is rated as amongthe leading causes of death in the world, especially in thoseindividuals aged between 15-35. In this case, suicide attempts havebeen considered as a significant factor for future suicidal behaviorincluding a low-lethal type of death. Therefore, clinicians areadvised to take any suicidal phenomenon whether low lethal seriously.The delivery of high-quality assessment and, response and treatmentservices should focus on reducing the risk factors for suicidalbehaviors while occasionally bolstering the protective factors.Lethality assessment refers to the capacity physical injury by aparticular self-destructive act. The primary aim here is to allow forclinicians with the guidelines about the risk of suicide based onbased on clinical know-how and empirical and epidemiological findings(Hoff, Hallisey, & Hoff, 2011).
Due to high suicidal incidences among the youths and clients withmental health and substance use problems, all clinicians, regardlessof their discipline and primary area of specialty, should carry out asuicide assessment and come up with safety and treatment procedures,programs, and particular process to assess and manage suicidality.Law lethality type of suicide should be considered at all point ofentry into the healthcare system, in day-to-day clinical carepractice. Little lethal of suicide risk assessed should tell the careinterventions, a level of observations and ongoing testing andtreatment procedures (Hoff, Hallisey, & Hoff, 2011). Clinicalcompetency, in this case, is prescribed to support and enhance theclinician well-being of managing suicidal clients to control theemotional tolerance and the desire to assist suicide victims andtheir families.
According to professional suicidologists, they believe that suicideprevention is everyone’s business (Hoff, Hallisey, & Hoff,2011). They emphasized on the low lethality methods to include riskcutting, non-prescription of drugs, and anxiety agents. Cliniciansare, therefore, required to engage directly with suicidal clientsthrough direct questioning of the person’s suicide plan.
2.Identify a situation in which a danger of suicide was suspected.What was done or not done in response, and what were the reasons why.As usual, we do not want you discussing anyone or any facility byname or even in a potentially identifiable fashion.
According to Susan’s situation, she did not have any high lethalplan of attempting suicide and no record of history about theattempt, but they suspected danger of suicide because she wasoverdosing a prescription antidepressant, which signifies a changetowards increased risk (Hoff, Hallisey, & Hoff, 2011). In hercase, most of the antidepressants are assumed high lethal methods,depending on a particular different age and weight of the patient. Inresponse to Susan’s case, they called the local poison controlcenter to questions the about the dosage and lethality. Although shedid not suffer severe personal loss, these suicidal specialists didnot follow up counseling or evidence of any changes in her.
On the other hand, Suicide risk for Shirley was based on the socialisolation that promoted her suicidal tendencies. Her hallucinationsdirected her to kill herself also increased the risk. Her suicidalrisk was increased by the coercive measure used by psychiatrist’sdenial to allow a caring daughter to visit (Hoff, Hallisey, &Hoff, 2011).
3.In sociocultural perspective, identify factors that may contributeto youth suicides in wealthy societies like the United States andCanada.
Suicide is a deeply troubling event that affects our assumptionsabout the meaning and value of life leave lots of pain and perplexityamong families and friends of victims who engage in suicide. Inrecent research, aboriginal people who live in wealthy societies suchas the United States and Canada suffer a much higher rate of suicidethan any other countries. In these countries, suicide is seen as anindicator of distress in these communities, and most probably victimswho commit suicide suffers from anxiety, depression, and otherfeelings of despair, temperament, and powerlessness (Kirmayer et al.,2007).
According to Kimayer et al., 2007, Psychiatric disorder is one factorthat leads to a suicide attempt in the societies mentioned above.Relative research in Canada has shown that suicide attempt is rampantamong the youths that are mentally challenged. The consistent ofunhappiness and trauma of the child caused both suicide attempt andother high-risk behavior. Temperament and personality trait isanother factor that exists from early infancy may contribute tosuicidal risk in these aboriginal communities. Moods disorders suchas depression are among the strongest risk factors (CAMH, 2010).
Similarly, these countries are faced with of early parentalseparations, losses, emotional deprivation, and familial breakdown.Childhood disengagement and family disruption are significantlyrelated to adolescent’s suicide attempts in Canada and UnitedStates. A single parent in more frequent in these wealthy societiesand it depends on local social and cultural factors that willdetermine the degree of support for the extended family, relatives,and members of the community. In this case, these children withsingle parents face a lot of social, physical, emotional challenges,which raises the risk of attempting suicide (White & Kral, 2014).
Access to lethal means is another vital factor that leads to death inthe United States among the youths. The factors are accompanied byaccess to large doses of medications. Other factors that result insuicidal attempts among the children in these communities includedemographic factors, substance use such as intoxication, extended useof sedatives, physical illness, psychological and behavioraldimensions, childhood trauma, and family history of suicide and abuse(CAMH, 2010).
CAMH. (2010). Suicide Preventions and Assessment Handbook. Retrievedfrom:http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/health_information/a_z_mental_health_and_addiction_information/suicide/Documents/sp_handbook_final_feb_2011.pdf
Hoff, A. L., Hallisey, J. B., & Hoff, M. (2011). People inCrisis: Clinical and Diversity Perspectives. Sixth Edition.
Kirmayer, L., Brass, G., Holton, T., Paul, K., Simpson, C., &Tait, C. (2007). Suicide among Aboriginal People in Canada. TheAboriginal Healing Foundation Research Series. Retrieved from:http://www.ahf.ca/downloads/suicide.pdf
White, J., & Kral, J. M. (2014). Re-Thinking Youth Suicide:Language Culture and Power. Journal for Social Action inCounselling and Psychology, Vol. 6 (1): 2014.