The Political Powers of the American Government’s Arms

POLITICAL POWERS IN AMERICA 4

ThePolitical Powers of the American Government’s Arms

ThePolitical Powers of the American Government’s Arms

Summary

TheGuantanamo Bay detention camp, the United States military prisonestablished with the aim of interrogating, prosecuting and detainingpeople who are considered dangerous. The camp has faced variousopposition especially from the United Nations which hasunsuccessfully called for its closure. The Individual States thatcalls for its closure believe that there have been cases of abuse andtorture in the camp.

Application

TheConstitution of America grants the Congress a dominant power to makelaws through a bill or proposed law but must be passed by other Housechambers to become law. It is for this reason that the President ofthe United States Barrack Obama within his powers cannot order theclosure of the detention camp. Some have blamed the Congress for theclosure of the camps. Since the government is made up of the threearms, which performs different tasks, certain government arms arelimited to perform a task that is not within their duty roles. Forexample, the legislature is made up of the house and senate, whichare collectively known as the Congress (Niesen,2003).The Constitution of America grants the Congress a very significantmandate to make laws. However, the proposed laws must pass throughthe House for their approval. Article I, Section 8 list powers thatare shared by both houses, and they include the power to declare warcoin money, raise an army and navy, regulate commerce, establishrules of immigration and naturalization, and establish the federalcourts and their jurisdictions. Consequently, there are other powersgiven to the Congress by the Constitution such as

  • Revenue bill which must originate from the house of representative

  • Impeachment power or civil officers who perform contrary to the stipulated rules, and in such cases, a simple majority is needed to impeach an elected official.

TheAmerican Congress, therefore, has more power than any legislatureamong the world`s modern democracies. The parliaments of Europe areoften “arena” legislatures that provide a forum for debate onpolicies proposed by a powerful prime minister or president. Only theAmerican democracy enables its legislature with the critical role ofsetting the law-making agenda. On the other hand, the executivebranch of the government headed by the president is charged with theresponsibly to protect the constitution through executing the law.The head of executive body also signs legislation passed by theCongress or prevent it from becoming law. Sometimes the executiveneeds the Congress to effect some of its plans. For example, when thecurrent president of the United States came into power, his firstorder was to close the Guantánamo detention center in Cuba. This wasnot easy due to the political arena in the Congress. The president,therefore, should work with the Congress to achieve the plan.

Analysis

Theconstitution has given the House and Senate limited powers. Forexample, the Senate is charged with different roles such as approvalof the cabinet officials. The president approves the bill passed bythe chambers before it becomes law. The powers of Congress arelimited to those enumerated in the Constitution all other powers arereserved to the states and the people. The Constitution also includesthe “necessary and proper clause”, which grants Congress thepower to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper forcarrying into execution of the other powers. It is through thosepower that many are blaming the Congress for the delay to close theGuantanamo Bay because it is not a one-man affair just as theCongress have used their power banning the transfer of detainees tothe American soil.

References

Niesen,P. (2003). The Clinton wars: The constitution, congress, and warpowers.Air &amp Space Power Journal,&nbsp17(3),122-123.

POLITICAL POWERS IN AMERICA 4

ThePolitical Powers of the American Government’s Arms

ThePolitical Powers of the American Government’s Arms

Summary

TheGuantanamo Bay detention camp, the United States military prisonestablished with the aim of interrogating, prosecuting and detainingpeople who are considered dangerous. The camp has faced variousopposition especially from the United Nations which hasunsuccessfully called for its closure. The Individual States thatcalls for its closure believe that there have been cases of abuse andtorture in the camp.

Application

TheConstitution of America grants the Congress a dominant power to makelaws through a bill or proposed law but must be passed by other Housechambers to become law. It is for this reason that the President ofthe United States Barrack Obama within his powers cannot order theclosure of the detention camp. Some have blamed the Congress for theclosure of the camps. Since the government is made up of the threearms, which performs different tasks, certain government arms arelimited to perform a task that is not within their duty roles. Forexample, the legislature is made up of the house and senate, whichare collectively known as the Congress (Niesen,2003).The Constitution of America grants the Congress a very significantmandate to make laws. However, the proposed laws must pass throughthe House for their approval. Article I, Section 8 list powers thatare shared by both houses, and they include the power to declare warcoin money, raise an army and navy, regulate commerce, establishrules of immigration and naturalization, and establish the federalcourts and their jurisdictions. Consequently, there are other powersgiven to the Congress by the Constitution such as

  • Revenue bill which must originate from the house of representative

  • Impeachment power or civil officers who perform contrary to the stipulated rules, and in such cases, a simple majority is needed to impeach an elected official.

TheAmerican Congress, therefore, has more power than any legislatureamong the world`s modern democracies. The parliaments of Europe areoften “arena” legislatures that provide a forum for debate onpolicies proposed by a powerful prime minister or president. Only theAmerican democracy enables its legislature with the critical role ofsetting the law-making agenda. On the other hand, the executivebranch of the government headed by the president is charged with theresponsibly to protect the constitution through executing the law.The head of executive body also signs legislation passed by theCongress or prevent it from becoming law. Sometimes the executiveneeds the Congress to effect some of its plans. For example, when thecurrent president of the United States came into power, his firstorder was to close the Guantánamo detention center in Cuba. This wasnot easy due to the political arena in the Congress. The president,therefore, should work with the Congress to achieve the plan.

Analysis

Theconstitution has given the House and Senate limited powers. Forexample, the Senate is charged with different roles such as approvalof the cabinet officials. The president approves the bill passed bythe chambers before it becomes law. The powers of Congress arelimited to those enumerated in the Constitution all other powers arereserved to the states and the people. The Constitution also includesthe “necessary and proper clause”, which grants Congress thepower to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper forcarrying into execution of the other powers. It is through thosepower that many are blaming the Congress for the delay to close theGuantanamo Bay because it is not a one-man affair just as theCongress have used their power banning the transfer of detainees tothe American soil.

References

Niesen,P. (2003). The Clinton wars: The constitution, congress, and warpowers.Air &amp Space Power Journal,&nbsp17(3),122-123.